Social Awareness on Organ Donation is Vital in India

On Saturday 28th May 2022, Rotary International District 3291 as part of an initiative by Rotary Club of Calcutta Dhakuria and club of the District organized an Organ Donation awareness program at the Eastern Metropolitan Club in Kolkata. President of the organizing club Rtn Soma Roy initiated the program in the presence of several Rotarians.

The topic was presented by Past District Governor Debasish Mitra and keynote speaker was Swapan Kumar Bandhu from the NGO Ganadarpan who explained in details the history, the need and the present status of organ donation initiative in India and the world at large.

Swapan Bandhu said that Ganadarpan has campaigned since 1985 for the enactment of the “Human Organ Donation Bill” which has passed by the both house of the Indian Parliament (The Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994). It has also participated in National seminar for the amendment of the said act. Ganadarpan, decided to work in a very specific field, that is to motivate individuals in our society to donate their bodies after death for the promotion of medical science. Mr Sudipta Saha Roy also spoke on behalf of Gandarpan.

Working entirely on a voluntary basis, a great deal of ground has been covered till date.

A programme is already on, at colleges of West Bengal for Awareness Campaign, for Donation of Human Bodies. Ganadarpan has been entrusted to convey the message to every corner of the country.He mentioned that the following organs may be donated Brainstem, Eardrum & Bone, Heart, Heart Valves, Bone Marrow, Bone, Pancreas, Lungs, Cornea, Kidney, Liver. One person can save up to eight lives from chronic illness by pledging to donate their heart, kidney, pancreas, lungs, liver, intestines, hands, face, tissues, bone marrow, and stem cells. Hence the day strives to help people in realising that volunteering to donate their organs after death can be life-changing for many.

People of any age can donate their organs to a person in need. In case a donor is under the age of 18 years, they are required to have the consent of parents or adult guardians to register themselves as an organ donor.The first-ever organ donation was done in 1954 when Ronald Lee Herrick donated a kidney to his identical twin brother. Doctor Joseph Murray conducted the procedure for which he has also won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 for advances in organ transplantation. India has the Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act to regulate organ donation in the country. The law allows both deceased and living people to donate their organs. According to a World Health Organization, around 0.01 per cent of people in India donate their organs after death.

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